Obesity is the accumulation of a large amount of fat tissue within the body, and obesity can be determined in a simple way by calculating the Body Mass Index, which depends on height and weight, and if the body mass index is more than 30 then a person is considered obese. The body mass index ranged between 25 and 29.9, because he is overweight, and in this article, we will explain the damages caused by obesity, the causes of infection, and advice to get rid of obesity.
Obesity not only affects the shape of the body, but also negatively affects the various organs of the body, as it is a risk factor for a range of health conditions and chronic diseases, and among the damages of obesity we mention the following:
- The risk of developing insulin resistance rises, as insulin is a necessary hormone for the process of transferring blood sugar to muscle and fat cells and using it to produce energy, as it maintains sugar levels at their normal rate, while Insulin resistance is a condition in which insulin resistance is less effective in transferring Sugar to cells, and fat cells are more insulin-resistant than muscle cells, so one of the main reasons for the body's resistance to insulin is obesity, as the pancreas initially responds to insulin resistance by producing more of this hormone, and this can continue A condition that contains normal levels of sugar, while insulin levels rise for years, and once the pancreas is unable to keep pace with the production of large amounts of insulin, blood sugar levels begin to rise, which causes diabetes of the second type, so insulin resistance is a condition of Introductions of Diabetes (English: Prediabetes).
- The risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases with the increased degree of obesity and the length of time for diagnosis, as this type is associated with central obesity, which is excess fat around the waist.
- High vital sign is common among obese adults, and one study has shown that being overweight causes more vital sign in women than in men.
- Obesity is one of the risk factors for colon cancer in men and women, in addition to rectal and prostate cancer in men, gallbladder and uterine cancer in women, and obesity may also be associated with breast cancer, especially in postmenopausal women, as the fatty tissue is involved in the production of the estrogen hormone ( Estrogen), and prolonged exposure to this hormone can increase your risk of breast cancer.
- Heart attack: The risk of heart attacks increases significantly as the weight
- brain attack.
- Gout, gouty arthritis.
- Degenerative arthritis of the knees, hips, and lower back. Breathing problems, and breathlessness during sleep.
- High levels of triglycerides, in addition to lower levels of good cholesterol in the blood.
Causes of obesity
Obesity is caused by a group of causes and factors that intertwine among them. Among these are:
Genetic effect: Where genes can affect the amount of fat stored in the body, how it is distributed, how efficient it is to convert food into energy, and how it burns calories during exercise.
Family lifestyle: The risk of obesity increases if one or both parents are obese, not only because of heredity but also because of the family's effect on eating habits and daily activities as well.
Idle: As an inactive lifestyle leads to consuming calories more easily and with more calories than the body burns during movement.
Bad diet: The diet that contains a high percentage of calories coming from nutriment and soft drinks, and lacks fruits and vegetables results in weight gain.
Medicines: As some medications can cause weight gain, these include: some anti-depressants, anticonvulsants, diabetes medications, and steroid medications.
Social and economic factors: It is difficult to avoid obesity in the absence of suitable places to exercise, to lose a healthy food culture, in addition to the influence of friends and relatives with obesity, and the lack of money to buy healthy foods.
Age: Where a person can develop obesity at any age, however, aging increases the risk of obesity due to hormonal changes, and a tendency to a less active lifestyle, in addition to a decrease in the amount of muscle and metabolic level, where these changes lead to Reducing caloric needs, and in the absence of awareness of the need to control the quantities consumed and increasing physical activity, this will increase the incidence of weight gain with age.
Pregnancy: As a woman’s weight increases during pregnancy, some women may find it difficult to lose this weight after birth, and this increase may contribute to the development of obesity in women.
Lack of sleep: Where not getting enough sleep, or getting an outsized amount of sleep can change hormones, which results in increased appetite and desire for food.
Weight loss tips
The presence of 1 or more obesity factors doesn't mean that the person is obese, because the effect of most factors are often reduced through a healthy diet, physical activity, exercise, and behavioral changes, and a group of tips are often followed to reduce and stop further increase, as follows:
- Doing exercises regularly for 150-300 minutes of moderate-intensity activity per week, including brisk walking and swimming. Focus on eating low-calorie foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Avoid saturated fats and sweets.
- Eat three regular meals each day additionally to limiting snacks.
- Monitor weight regularly.
- Stay in the health system as much as possible during the week, on vacation, and at the weekend.